Year 2019, Volume 3 , Issue 1, Pages 1 - 13 2019-06-28

Personality Characteristics, Motivations and Usage Patterns of Social Networking Sites among University Students
Üniversite Öğrencilerinde Kişilik Özellikleri, Motivasyon Faktörleri ve Sosyal Ağ Sitelerinin Kullanım Biçimleri

Selen Ak [1] , Mehveş Yürüten Arslan [2] , Saffet Arslan [3]


The Social Networking Sites (SNS) are popular these days among all ages, especially in the young population. Social Networking Sites (SNS) which is an online platform that allows users to create a public profile and interact with other users on the website. A social networking site may also be known as a social website or a social networking website. This study is designed to define the user profile that can be accepted as dependent to SNSs. The aim of this study was to offer more knowledge and better understanding of compulsive use of SNSs among university students particularly investigating the effects of gender, motivational factors and personality on SNS addiction. The independent variables were gender, personality traits and personal motives for using SNS, and the dependent variable was the frequency of social networking sites usage. This research found that there is no effect of personality traits and only a slight difference between men and women on SNS addiction.  Only relaxing and entertainment motivation predicted SNS addiction.

Sosyal ağ siteleri (SAS) bu günlerde tüm yaş gruplarında oldukça popüler hale gelmiştir ve özellikle genç nüfusun da ilgisini çekmektedir. Bu ortamlar kullanıcıya kamuya açık bir profil oluşturma imkanını ve diğer kullanıcılarla etkileşim olanağını sağlar. Bir SAS sosyal bir internet sayfası olabileceği gibi sosyal ağ sitesi üzerinden edinilmiş bir sitede olabilir. Bu çalışma sosyal ağ sitelerine bağlı kullanıcı profilllerinin tanımlamalarını incelemek için tasarlanmıştır. Çalışmanın amacı ise üniversite öğrencilerinin sosyal ağ sitelerini kullanmaya iten faktörleri daha iyi anlamak ve bu konuda daha kapsamla bilgi sunabilmektedir. Çalışma kapsamında özellikle cinsiyet, motivasyon faktörleri ve kişilik değişkenlerinin SAS bağımlılığı üzerindeki etkisi incelenmiştir. Çalışmanı bağımsız değişkenleri cinsiyet, kişilik özellikleri ve SAS kullanımına yönelik kişisel sebepler iken bağımlı değişken SAS kullanım sıklığı olarak belirlenmiştir. Çalışma sonucunda kişilik özellikleri ile SAS bağımlılığı arasında anlamlı bir ilişki bulunmamakla beraber cinsiyet farklılığının SAS bağımlığı üzerinde kısmi bir etkisi olabileceği saptanmıştır. Motivasyon faktörlerinden ise sadece rahatlatıcı ve eğlence motivasyonlarının SNS bağımlılığını yordadığı bulunmuştur.
  • American Psychiatric Association. (2001). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th, text rev. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association
  • Amichai-Hamburger, Y., Wainapel, G., & Fox, S. (2002). ‘‘On the Internet No One Knows I’m an Introvert”: Extraversion, neuroticism, and Internet interaction. Cyberpsychology & Behavior, 5(2), 125–128.
  • Andreassen, C., Torsheim, T., Brunborg, G., & Pallesen, S. (2012). Development of a Facebook Addiction Scale. Psychological Reports, 110(2), 501-517. doi:10.2466/02.09.18.pr0.110.2.501-517
  • Brenner, V. (1997). Psychology of computer use: Parameters of internet use, abuse and addiction: the first 90 days of the internet usage survey. Psychological Reports, 80(3), 879-882. doi:10.2466/pr0.1997.80.3.879
  • Cabral, J. (2011). Is generation Y addicted to social media?. The Elon Journal of Undergraduate Research In Communications, 2(1), 5-14.
  • CBSNews (2008). Social networking: An Internet addiction. The CBS News. Retrieved from http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2008/06/24/earlyshow/main4205009.shtml?tag=contentMain;contentBody
  • Chou, C., Condron, L., & Belland, J. (2005). A review of the research on Internet addiction. Educational Psychology Review, 17(4), 363-388. doi:10.1007/s10648-005-8138-1
  • Correa, T., Hinsley, A., & de Zúñiga, H. (2010). Who interacts on the Web?: The intersection of users’ personality and social media use. Computers In Human Behavior, 26(2), 247-253. doi:10.1016/j.chb.2009.09.003
  • Davis, R. (2001). A cognitive-behavioral model of pathological Internet use. Computers In Human Behavior, 17(2), 187-195. doi:10.1016/s0747-5632(00)00041-8
  • Davis, R. A., Flett, G. L., & Besser, A. (2002). Validation of a new scale for measuring problematic internet use; implications for pre-employment screening. CyberPsychology and Behavior, 15, 331–347.
  • Ehrenberg, A., Juckes, S., White, K. M., & Walsh, S. P. (2008). Personality and self- esteem as predictors of young people’s technology use. Cyberpsychology & Behavior, 11(6), 739–741.
  • Ellison, N. B. (2007). Social network sites: Definition, history, and scholarship. Journal of Computer‐Mediated Communication, 13(1), 210-230.
  • Giannakos, Michail N., Chorianopoulos, Konstantinos, Giotopoulos, Konstantinos, & Vlamos, Panayiotis. (2012). Using Facebook out of habit. Behaviour & Information Technology, 1-9. doi: 10.1080/0144929x.2012.659218
  • Goldberg, I. (1997). Ivan Goldberg discusses “Internet addiction”. http://www.psycom.net/ Accessed 03.11.09.
  • Gossop M. (1989) Addiction: treatment and outcome. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, 85(8): 469–472
  • Hamburger, Y., & Ben-Artzi, E. (2000). The relationship between extraversion and neuroticism and the different uses of the Internet. Computers In Human Behavior, 16(4), 441-449. doi:10.1016/s0747-5632(00)00017-0
  • Huang, X., Zhang, H., Li, M., Wang, J., Zhang, Y., & Tao, R. (2010). Mental health, personality, and parental rearing styles of adolescents with Internet addiction disorder. Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking, 13(4), 401-406
  • Internet World Stats - Usage and Population Statistics, (2013). Retrieved 18 November 2014, from http://www.internetworldstats.com/
  • John, O. P., & Srivastava, S. (1999). The big five trait taxonomy: History, measurement, and theoretical perspectives. In L. A. Pervin & O. P. John (Eds.), Handbook of personality: Theory and research (2nd ed., pp. 102–138). New York: Guilford.Kelly, M. & McElroy, J.C. (2012). The Influence of Personality on Facebook Usage, Wall Postings, And Regret. Computers in Human Behavior 28(1), 267-274.
  • Kim, S. & Kim, R. (2002). A Study of Internet Addiction: Status, Causes, and Remedies-Focusing on the alienation factor. International Journal of Human Ecology, 3(1), 1-19
  • Kuss, D., & Griffiths, M. (2011). Online Social Networking and Addiction—A Review of the Psychological Literature. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 8(12), 3528-3552. doi:10.3390/ijerph8093528.
  • McCrae, R., & Costa, P. (1997). Personality trait structure as a human universal. American Psychologist, 52(5), 509-516. doi:10.1037//0003-066x.52.5.509
  • Morahan-Martin, J. (1998). The Gender Gap in Internet Use: Why Men Use the Internet More Than Women—A Literature Review. Cyberpsychology & Behavior, 1(1), 3-10. doi:10.1089/cpb.1998.1.3
  • Pew/Internet: Pew Internet & American Life Project. (2011). Choice Reviews Online, 44(01), 44-0384-44-0384. doi:10.5860/choice.44-0384
  • Ross, C., Orr, E. S., Sisic, M., Arseneault, J. M., Simmering, M. G., & Orr, R. R. (2009). Personality and motivations associated with Facebook use. Computers in Human Behavior, 25(2), 578–586
  • Ryan, T. & Xenos, S. (2011). Who Uses Facebook? An Investigation into the Relationship between the Big Five, Shyness, Narcissism, Loneliness, and Facebook Usage. Computers in Human Behavior, 27(5) 1658-1664.
  • Scherer, K. (1997). College life online: healthy and unhealthy internet use. Journal of College Student Development, 38, 655–664.
  • Smock, Andrew D., Ellison, Nicole B., Lampe, Cliff, & Wohn, Donghee Yvette. (2011). Facebook as a toolkit: A uses and gratification approach to unbundling feature use. Computers in Human Behavior, 27(6), 2322-2329. doi: 10.1016/j.chb.2011.07.011
  • Special, Whitney P., & Li-Barber, Kirsten T. (2012). Self-disclosure and student satisfaction with Facebook. Computers in Human Behavior, 28(2), 624-630.doi:10.1016/j.chb.2011.11.008
  • Thayer, S., & Ray, S. (2006). Online Communication Preferences across Age, Gender, and Duration of Internet Use. Cyberpsychology & Behavior, 9(4), 432-440. doi:10.1089/cpb.2006.9.432
  • The Nielsen Company, (2009). Global Faces and Networked Places. The Nielsen Company; New York, NY, USA. [accessed on 18 November 2014]. Available online: http://blog.nielsen.com/nielsenwire/wp-content/uploads/2009/03/nielsen_globalfaces_mar09.pdf.
  • Thompson, S. H., & Lougheed, E. (2012). Frazzled by Facebook? An exploratory study of gender differences in social network communication among undergraduate men and women. College Student Journal, 46(1), 88-98.
  • Tosun, Leman Pınar. (2012). Motives for Facebook use and expressing “true self” on the Internet. Computers in Human Behavior, 28(4), 1510-1517. doi:10.1016/j.chb.2012.03.018
  • Wang, J., Jackson, L., Zhang, D., & Su, Z. (2012). The relationships among the Big Five Personality factors, self-esteem, narcissism, and sensation-seeking to Chinese University students’ uses of social networking sites (SNSs). Computers In Human Behavior, 28(6), 2313-2319. doi:10.1016/j.chb.2012.07.001
  • Wijesundara, T. (2014). Motivations and usage patterns of social networking sites: Exploring cultural differences between United States & Sri Lanka. Canadian Social Sciences, 10(6), 179-189.
  • Wilson, K., Fornasier, S., & White, K. (2010). Psychological predictors of young adults' use of Social Networking Sites. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 13(2), 173-177. doi:10.1089/cyber.2009.0094
  • World Health Organization. (1994). International Classification of Diseases. 10thversion (ICD-10). Geneva: World Health Organization
  • Young, K. (1996). Internet Addiction: The Emergence of a New Clinical Disorder. Cyberpsychology & Behavior, 1(3), 237-244. doi:10.1089/cpb.1998.1.237
  • Young, K. S. (2005). Classifying sub-types, consequences, and causes of Internet addiction. Behavioural Psychology, 13, 463 – 480
  • Young, K., & Rodgers, R. (1998). The relationship between depression and internet addiction. CyberPsychology and Behavior, 1, 25–28.
  • Young, S., & Hall, K. (2008). Gender and Online Privacy among Teens: Risk Perception, Privacy Concerns, and Protection Behaviors. Cyberpsychology & Behavior, 11(6), 763-765. doi:10.1089/cpb.2007.0240
  • Zywica, J., & Danowski, J. (2008). The faces of Facebookers: Investigating social enhancement and social compensation hypotheses. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 14(1), 1–34.
Primary Language en
Subjects Education, Scientific Disciplines
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0001-5762-6141
Author: Selen Ak
Institution: ULUDAĞ ÜNİVERSİTESİ, EĞİTİM FAKÜLTESİ
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0003-0467-4603
Author: Mehveş Yürüten Arslan
Institution: ULUDAĞ ÜNİVERSİTESİ, EĞİTİM FAKÜLTESİ
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-5759-3554
Author: Saffet Arslan (Primary Author)
Institution: ULUDAĞ ÜNİVERSİTESİ, EĞİTİM FAKÜLTESİ
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date : June 28, 2019

Bibtex @research article { aebd483298, journal = {Academy Journal of Educational Sciences}, issn = {}, eissn = {2602-3342}, address = {akademiegitimbilimleri@gmail.com}, publisher = {Abdullah KALDIRIM}, year = {2019}, volume = {3}, pages = {1 - 13}, doi = {10.31805/acjes.483298}, title = {Personality Characteristics, Motivations and Usage Patterns of Social Networking Sites among University Students}, key = {cite}, author = {Ak, Selen and Yürüten Arslan, Mehveş and Arslan, Saffet} }
APA Ak, S , Yürüten Arslan, M , Arslan, S . (2019). Personality Characteristics, Motivations and Usage Patterns of Social Networking Sites among University Students. Academy Journal of Educational Sciences , 3 (1) , 1-13 . DOI: 10.31805/acjes.483298
MLA Ak, S , Yürüten Arslan, M , Arslan, S . "Personality Characteristics, Motivations and Usage Patterns of Social Networking Sites among University Students". Academy Journal of Educational Sciences 3 (2019 ): 1-13 <http://journal.acjes.com/en/issue/46441/483298>
Chicago Ak, S , Yürüten Arslan, M , Arslan, S . "Personality Characteristics, Motivations and Usage Patterns of Social Networking Sites among University Students". Academy Journal of Educational Sciences 3 (2019 ): 1-13
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Personality Characteristics, Motivations and Usage Patterns of Social Networking Sites among University Students AU - Selen Ak , Mehveş Yürüten Arslan , Saffet Arslan Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.31805/acjes.483298 DO - 10.31805/acjes.483298 T2 - Academy Journal of Educational Sciences JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 1 EP - 13 VL - 3 IS - 1 SN - -2602-3342 M3 - doi: 10.31805/acjes.483298 UR - https://doi.org/10.31805/acjes.483298 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Academy Journal of Educational Sciences Personality Characteristics, Motivations and Usage Patterns of Social Networking Sites among University Students %A Selen Ak , Mehveş Yürüten Arslan , Saffet Arslan %T Personality Characteristics, Motivations and Usage Patterns of Social Networking Sites among University Students %D 2019 %J Academy Journal of Educational Sciences %P -2602-3342 %V 3 %N 1 %R doi: 10.31805/acjes.483298 %U 10.31805/acjes.483298
ISNAD Ak, Selen , Yürüten Arslan, Mehveş , Arslan, Saffet . "Personality Characteristics, Motivations and Usage Patterns of Social Networking Sites among University Students". Academy Journal of Educational Sciences 3 / 1 (June 2019): 1-13 . https://doi.org/10.31805/acjes.483298
AMA Ak S , Yürüten Arslan M , Arslan S . Personality Characteristics, Motivations and Usage Patterns of Social Networking Sites among University Students. ACJES. 2019; 3(1): 1-13.
Vancouver Ak S , Yürüten Arslan M , Arslan S . Personality Characteristics, Motivations and Usage Patterns of Social Networking Sites among University Students. Academy Journal of Educational Sciences. 2019; 3(1): 13-1.