Writing Rules

Author Guidelines

  • Academy Journal of Educational Sciences [ACJES] accepts the articles that will be sent only on open journal system. 
  • The authors should upload their articles after writing or editing them abiding by journal’s article template. 
  • APA 7 style should be used for in-text citations and writing references. Please click on the link to get information about APA 7 style. https://apastyle.apa.org/products/publication-manual-7th-edition
  • The studies sent to the journal are expected to consist of 15-20 pages (or 7500-10000 words).
  • Whether the article uploaded to the system by the authors will be taken into evaluation is decided by investigation of editorial board.

Writing Rules

The studies that will be sent to ACJES should be prepared on “Manuscript Templates” below.

ACJES Manuscript Template

Manuscript must be written in good British or American English (but not a mixture of these). The preferred format for your manuscript is Word.

Manuscript Structure

Manuscript submitted may consist of the following sections, respectively: title; abstract; keywords; main text introduction; method; results; discussion; acknowledgments; references; appendices.

Title: The title should be concise and informative. Avoid abbreviations and formulae where possible.

Abstract: The abstract should be between 150-250 words. It should reflect the purpose and findings of the research. It should not contain any undefined abbreviations or unspecified references.

Keywords: List 3 to 5 keywords in alphabetical order that help define the research. Keyword 1, Keyword 2, Keyword 3.

Main Text Introduction: In this section, the scientific background and rationale of the research should be explained and an adequate theoretical framework should be provided for the purposes of the research. Subtitles could be used in accordance with the structure of the research.

Method: The research method should be clearly stated in this section. Subtitles such as research model, sample/study group, data collection tools, data analysis etc. should be used in accordance with the structure of the research.

Results: The research findings should be clearly stated in this section. Subtitles could be used in accordance with the structure of the research. Tables and figures must be in accordance with APA 7. When using tables and figures, reference should be made in the text, then a table or figure should be given, and then the table or figure should be explained.

Discussion: In this section, the importance of research results should be discussed. The findings should not be repeated.

Acknowledgments: List here those individuals who provided help during the research, if any.

References: All text citations and reference listings should comply with APA 7th edition style (https://doi.org/10.1037/0000165-000). Furthermore, each source you cite in the text must appear in your reference list, and vice versa.

APA 7th Headings

Level                                            Format

   1               Centered, Boldface, Title Case Heading

                    Text begins as a new paragraph.

   2                Flush left, Boldface, Title Case Heading

                     Text begins as a new paragraph.

   3                Flush Left, Boldface Italic, Title Case Heading

                     Text begins as a new paragraph. 

   4                Indented, Boldface Title Case Heading Ending With a Period.

                     Paragraph text continues on the same line and continues as a regular paragraph.

   5                Indented, Boldface Italic, Title Case Heading Ending With a Period.

                     Paragraph text continues on the same line and continues as a regular paragraph.

Citations in the Text

Short quotations

You will need to include the author, year of publication, and page number for the reference (p. for a single page and pp. for a span of multiple pages).

Parenthetical citations: “………………….” (Creswell, 2014, p. 71). “………………….” (Petticrew & Roberts, 2006, pp. 27-28).

Narrative citations: According to Creswell (2014) “………………….”(p. 71). According to Petticrew and Roberts (2006) “………………….”(pp. 27-28). 

Long quotations

Place direct quotations that are 40 words or longer in a free-standing block and omit quotation marks.

A Study by One Author

Parenthetical citations: (Rocha, 2020)

Narrative citations: Rocha (2020)

A Study by Two Authors

Parenthetical citations: (Bardach & Klassen, 2020)

Narrative citations: Bardach and Klassen (2020)

A Study by Three or More Authors

List only the first author’s name followed by “et al.” in every citation.

Parenthetical citations: (Bleses et al., 2020)

Narrative citations: Bleses et al. (2020)

Note: You will need to avoid ambiguity by writing out more names If you’re citing multiple works with similar groups of authors. 

Parenthetical citations: (Fuchs, Fuchs, Prentice, et al., 2003)
                                     (Fuchs, Fuchs, Powell, et al., 2008)

Narrative citations: Fuchs, Fuchs, Prentice, Burch, Hamlett, Owen, and Schroeter (2003)
                               Fuchs, Fuchs, Powell, Seethaler, Cirino, and Fletcher (2008)

Organization as an Author

First citation: (The National Council of Teachers of Mathematics [NCTM], 2000)

Second citation: (NCTM, 2000)

Two or More Works in the Same Parentheses

Order them alphabetically.

(Daniels & Gierl, 2017; Mayer, 2020; Ziegler & Stern, 2016)

Multiple Works by the Same Author 

Give the author’s name only once and follow with dates.

Parenthetical citations: (Desoete, 2001, 2007, 2008)

Narrative citations: Desoete (2001, 2007, 2008)

Authors with the Same Last Name

Parenthetical citations: (D. Emerson, 2009; K. Emerson, 1987)

Narrative citations: D. Emerson (2009) and K. Emerson (1987)

Two or More Study by the Same Author in the Same Year

Use lower-case letters (a, b, c) with the year.

Parenthetical citations: (Winston, 2017a, 2017b)

Narrative citations: Winston (2017a, 2017b) 

Citing Indirect Sources

Parenthetical citations: (Miller, 1953, as cited in Agrios, 2005).

Narrative citations: Miller (1953, as cited in Agrios, 2005)

Sources Without Page Numbers

Use the heading or section name, an abbreviated heading or section name, a paragraph number.

Parenthetical citations: (Harrer et al., 2019, Searching for Extreme Effect Sizes (outliers) section, para. 2).

Narrative citations: Harrer et al. (2019, Searching for Extreme Effect Sizes (outliers) section, para. 2).


All source you cite in the text must appear in your reference list.

One Author

Creswell, J. W. (2014). Research design. Qualitative, quantitative and mixed methods approaches. Sage Publications.

Two Authors

Bardach, L., & Klassen, R. M. (2020). Smart teachers, successful students? A systematic review of the literature on teachers’ cognitive abilities and teacher effectiveness. Educational Research Review, 30, 1-21. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.edurev.2020.100312 

Three to Twenty Authors

Taylor, C. A., Gannon, S., Adams, G., Donaghue, H., Hannam-Swain, S., Harris-Evan, J., Healey, J., & Moore, P. (2020). Grim tales: Meetings, matterings and moments of silencing and frustration in everyday academic life.International Journal of Educational Research, 99, 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijer.2019.101513 

More Than Twenty Authors

After the first 19 authors’ names, use an ellipsis in place of the remaining author names. Then, end with the final author's name.

Pegion, K., Kirtman, B. P., Becker, E., Collins, D. C., LaJoie, E., Burgman, R., Bell, R., DelSole, T., Min, D., Zhu, Y., Li, W., Sinsky, E., Guan, H., Gottschalck, J., Metzger, E. J., Barton, N. P., Achuthavarier, D., Marshak, J., Koster, R. D., . . . Kim, H. (2019). The subseasonal experiment (SubX): A multimodel subseasonal prediction experiment. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 100(10), 2043-260. https://doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-D-18-0270.1

Basic Form for Articles

Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (Year). Title of article. Title of Periodical, volume number(issue number), pages. https://doi.org/xx.xxx/yyyy 

Bleses, D., Jensen, P., Slot, P., & Justice, L. (2020). Low-cost teacher-implemented intervention improves toddlers’ language and math skills. Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 53, 64-76. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecresq.2020.03.001 

Basic Form for Books

Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of book: Capital letter also for subtitle. Publisher Name. DOI (if available)

Barmby, P., Bolden, D., & Thompson, L. (2014). Understanding and enriching problem solving in primary mathematics. Critical Publishing.

Edited Book

Editor, E. E. (Ed.). (Year of publication). Title of book: Capital letter also for subtitle. Publisher. DOI (if available)

Coady, N., & Lehmann, P. (Eds.). (2008). Theoretical perspectives for direct social work practice. A generalist-eclectic approach. Springer.

Chapter in an Edited Book

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Year of publication). Title of chapter. In E. E. Editor & F. F. Editor (Eds.), Title of work: Capital letter also for subtitle (pp. pages of chapter). Publisher. DOI (if available)

Carraher, D. W., Schliemann, A. D., & Schwartz, J. L. (2008). Early algebra is not the same as algebra early. In J. J. Kaput, D. W. Carraher, & M. L. Blanton (Eds.), Algebra in the early grades (pp. 235-272). Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, NCTM.

A Translation Book

Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of book: Capital letter also for subtitle (T. Translator, Trans.). Publisher. (Original work published year) DOI (if available)

Foucault, M. (1995). Discipline and punish: The birth of the prison (A. Sheridan, Trans.). Vintage Books. (Original work published 1977).

The Reference for a Non-translated Source in a Language other than English

Follows the typical APA Style formatting for the source. Presents the original title of the work and the English translation of the title in square brackets.

Piaget, J. (1950). La construction du réel chez l'enfant [The child’s construction of reality]. Neuchâtel, Delachaux, & Niestlé.

Published Theses

Author, A. A. (Year). Title of dissertation/thesis (Publication No.) [Doctoral dissertation/Master’s thesis, Name of Institution Awarding the Degree]. Database or Archive Name.

Martin, A. G. (2015). The impact of flipped instruction on middle school mathematics achievement (Publication No. 3724702) [Doctoral dissertation, Texas A&M University]. ProQuest Dissertations Publishing.

Unpublished Theses

Author, A. A. (Year). Title of dissertation/thesis [Unpublished doctoral dissertation/master’s thesis]. Name of Institution Awarding the Degree. 

Harris, L. (2014). Instructional leadership perceptions and practices of elementary school leaders [Unpublished doctoral dissertation]. University of Virginia.

Conference Proceedings

Author, A. A. (Year). Title of contribution [Type of contribution]. Conference Name, Location. DOI or URL (if available)

Bland, A. (2017, November). The implementation of a junior Samoan language programme in a South Island, New Zealand secondary school context [Paper presentation]. Australian Association for Research in Education (AARE) Conference 2017, Canberra, Australia. https://bit.ly/37DvrHR

Webpage or Piece of Online Content

Author, A. A. (Year, Month Date). Title of page. Site name. URL

Kokko, A. (2020, December 19). Posthumanism and education. European Educational Research Association. https://blog.eera-ecer.de/posthumanism-in-education/