Yıl 2020, Cilt 4 , Sayı 1, Sayfalar 63 - 80 2020-06-30

Contextual Exploration of the Implementation-based Enactments of Teacher Questions in the Early Childhood Period
Erken Çocukluk Döneminde Öğretmen Sorularının Uygulama Bazlı Kullanımlarının Bağlamsal Olarak İncelenmesi

Kübra DEMİR [1] , Yilmaz SOYSAL [2]


The purpose of the current study was to explore the questions staged by an early childhood teacher during in-class teaching processes by a contextual and implementation-based manner. The participants of the study were an early childhood educator and 16 children (60-72 months). In-class implementations were video-recorded and analysed through systematic observation approach as a branch of sociocultural discourse analysis. Through a data-based and theoryladen coding catalogue (Teacher Questions Coding Catalogue), teacher-led questions were labelled in seconds and/or minutes intervals. The discursive functions of the teacher-led questions were gathered around seven categories and 28 sub-categories: communicating questions, monitoring (framing) questions, legitimating questions, challenging questions, evidencing questions, observe-compare-predict questions, and inferencing (deducing) questions. In addition, it was observed that the typologies and proportions of the enacted questions were moderately or substantially affected by the differences between the students' everyday social languages that were brought to the classroom environment by the learners and the social language of the school science that the teacher tried to take the pupils. It was also concluded thematically-oriented specifications of the contents under negotiation during the in-class implementations seemed to change the types and proportions of the teacher-led questions. Various educational recommendations were offered for the professional development of preschool teachers, especially in the context of teacher noticing.

Bu araştırmanın amacı bir erken çocukluk eğitimcisinin sınıf içi öğretimsel süreçlerde kullandığı soruların uygulama bazlı ve bağlamsal olarak incelenmesidir. Araştırmanın katılımcılarını bir erken çocukluk eğitimcisi ve 16 çocuk (60-72 aylık) oluşturmaktadır. Sınıf içi uygulamalar görsel olarak kaydedilmiş ve sosyokültürel söylem analizinin bir kolu olan sistematik gözlem yaklaşımıyla analiz edilmiştir. Veri temelli ve teori yönelimli katalog (Öğretmen Soruları Kodlama Kataloğu) aracılığıyla öğretmen soruları saniye ve/veya dakika aralıklı kodlanmıştır. Soruların söylemsel işlevleri yedi kategori ve 28 alt kategori altında toplanmıştır: iletişimsel sorular, izleme soruları, değerlendirme amaçlı sorular, çeldirme amaçlı sorular, delillendirme soruları, gözlem-karşılaştırma-tahmin soruları ve çıkarım amaçlı sorular. Ayrıca gözlemlenen soru türevlerinin ve oranlarının uygulama bazlı olacak şekilde öğrenenlerin sınıf ortamına getirdikleri kendi, acemi günlük dilleri ile öğretmenin öğrenenleri götürmeye çalıştığı bilimin sosyal dili arasındaki farklılıklardan ciddi derecede etkilendiği gözlemlenmiştir. Buna ek olarak uygulamalardaki müzakere edilen tematik içeriğin özelliğinin öğretmenin sorularının türevlerini ve oranlarını değiştirebileceği sonucuna ulaşılmıştır. Özellikle öğretmen farkındalığı bağlamında okul öncesi öğretmenlerinin mesleki gelişimleri adına çeşitli önerilerde bulunulmuştur.
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Birincil Dil tr
Konular Eğitim, Eğitim Araştırmaları
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Orcid: 0000-0002-2110-3012
Yazar: Kübra DEMİR (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: İSTANBUL AYDIN ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0003-1352-8421
Yazar: Yilmaz SOYSAL
Kurum: İSTANBUL AYDIN ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Teşekkür Makaleye verdiği entellektüel katkılardan ötürü Sayın Yılmaz Soysal hocama, ve her daim yanımda olan aileme ve bilhassa babama teşekkürü bir borç bilirim...
Tarihler

Yayımlanma Tarihi : 30 Haziran 2020

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { aebd752805, journal = {Academy Journal of Educational Sciences}, issn = {}, eissn = {2602-3342}, address = {akademiegitimbilimleri@gmail.com}, publisher = {Abdullah KALDIRIM}, year = {2020}, volume = {4}, pages = {63 - 80}, doi = {10.31805/acjes.752805}, title = {Erken Çocukluk Döneminde Öğretmen Sorularının Uygulama Bazlı Kullanımlarının Bağlamsal Olarak İncelenmesi}, key = {cite}, author = {Demi̇r, Kübra and Soysal, Yilmaz} }
APA Demi̇r, K , Soysal, Y . (2020). Erken Çocukluk Döneminde Öğretmen Sorularının Uygulama Bazlı Kullanımlarının Bağlamsal Olarak İncelenmesi . Academy Journal of Educational Sciences , 4 (1) , 63-80 . DOI: 10.31805/acjes.752805
MLA Demi̇r, K , Soysal, Y . "Erken Çocukluk Döneminde Öğretmen Sorularının Uygulama Bazlı Kullanımlarının Bağlamsal Olarak İncelenmesi" . Academy Journal of Educational Sciences 4 (2020 ): 63-80 <http://journal.acjes.com/tr/pub/issue/55810/752805>
Chicago Demi̇r, K , Soysal, Y . "Erken Çocukluk Döneminde Öğretmen Sorularının Uygulama Bazlı Kullanımlarının Bağlamsal Olarak İncelenmesi". Academy Journal of Educational Sciences 4 (2020 ): 63-80
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Erken Çocukluk Döneminde Öğretmen Sorularının Uygulama Bazlı Kullanımlarının Bağlamsal Olarak İncelenmesi AU - Kübra Demi̇r , Yilmaz Soysal Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.31805/acjes.752805 DO - 10.31805/acjes.752805 T2 - Academy Journal of Educational Sciences JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 63 EP - 80 VL - 4 IS - 1 SN - -2602-3342 M3 - doi: 10.31805/acjes.752805 UR - https://doi.org/10.31805/acjes.752805 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Academy Journal of Educational Sciences Erken Çocukluk Döneminde Öğretmen Sorularının Uygulama Bazlı Kullanımlarının Bağlamsal Olarak İncelenmesi %A Kübra Demi̇r , Yilmaz Soysal %T Erken Çocukluk Döneminde Öğretmen Sorularının Uygulama Bazlı Kullanımlarının Bağlamsal Olarak İncelenmesi %D 2020 %J Academy Journal of Educational Sciences %P -2602-3342 %V 4 %N 1 %R doi: 10.31805/acjes.752805 %U 10.31805/acjes.752805
ISNAD Demi̇r, Kübra , Soysal, Yilmaz . "Erken Çocukluk Döneminde Öğretmen Sorularının Uygulama Bazlı Kullanımlarının Bağlamsal Olarak İncelenmesi". Academy Journal of Educational Sciences 4 / 1 (Haziran 2020): 63-80 . https://doi.org/10.31805/acjes.752805
AMA Demi̇r K , Soysal Y . Erken Çocukluk Döneminde Öğretmen Sorularının Uygulama Bazlı Kullanımlarının Bağlamsal Olarak İncelenmesi. ACJES. 2020; 4(1): 63-80.
Vancouver Demi̇r K , Soysal Y . Erken Çocukluk Döneminde Öğretmen Sorularının Uygulama Bazlı Kullanımlarının Bağlamsal Olarak İncelenmesi. Academy Journal of Educational Sciences. 2020; 4(1): 63-80.