First Level Heading
(centre justified, first letters capitalized, bold)
Second Level Heading
(flush left, first letter of each word is capitalized, bolt)
Third level heading
(flush left, only first letter of the first word is capitalized, bolt)
Fourth level heading
(flush left, only first letter of the first word is capitalized, bolt, italic)
Fifth level heading
(flush left, only first letter of the first word is capitalized, italic)
Tables and Figures
When citing a reference directly the original text is transferred as the same (even the spelling errors are not changed). If the expression quoted is less than 40 words it is indicated in double-quote “ ” and the reference is indicated.
“………………….” (Çepni, 2014, p. 150). or According to Çepni (2014) “………………….”(p. 150).
“………………….” (Altun & Arslan, 2006, p. 7). or According to Altun and Arslan (2006) “………………….”(p. 7).
“………………….” (Creswell, 2014, p. 71). or According to Creswell (2014) “………………….”(p. 71).
“………………….” (Petticrew & Roberts, 2006, p. 27). or According to Petticrew and Roberts (2006) “………………….”(p. 27).
In citation, the original text is expressed by changing and the reference is indicated.
Single Author Studies
Double Author Studies
Three, Four and Five Authors Studies
In the first citation in the text, surnames of all authors are written. For following citations, first author’s surname is written and other authors are indicated as ‘et al.’ in text or in parentheses.
Six or More Authors Studies
Only first author’s surname is given, other authors are indicated as ‘et al.’ in text or in parentheses.
Citing an Author’s Multiple Studies in the Same Year
Citing an Author’s Multiple Studies in the Same Year
Citing Authors with the Same Surname
Single Author Book
Baykul, Y. (2016). İlkokulda matematik öğretimi. Ankara: Pegem Akademi.
Creswell, J. W. (2014). Research design. Qualitative, quantitative and mixed methods approaches. Washington DC: Sage publications.
Single Author Translated Book
Piaget, J. (1969). The psychology of the child (H. Weaver, Trans.). New York, NY: Basic Books.
Double Authors Book
Petticrew, M., & Roberts, H. (2006). Systematic reviews in the social sciences. A practical guide. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing.
Double Authors Translated Book
Laplace, P. S. (1951). A philosophical essay on probabilities (F. W. Truscott & F. L. Emory, Trans.). New York, NY: Dover. (Original work published 1814).
Three Authors Book
Cohen, L., Manion, L., & Morrison, K. (2011). Research methods in education.Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge.
Coady, N., & Lehmann, P. (Eds.). (2008). Theoretical perspectives for direct social work practice. A generalist-eclectic approach. New York: Springer.
Chapter in an Edited Book
Carraher, D. W., Schliemann, A. D., & Schwartz, J. L. (2008). Early algebra is not the same as algebra early. In J. J. Kaput, D. W. Carraher, & M. L. Blanton (Eds.), Algebra in the early grades (pp. 235-272). Newyork: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, NCTM.
Chapter in a Translated Book
Creswell, J. W. (2014). Araştırma yaklaşımının seçimi. İçinde S. B. Demir (Ed.), Araştırma deseni: Nitel, nicel ve karma yöntem yaklaşımları (Çev. M. Bütün) (s. 3-23). Ankara: Eğiten Kitap.
Farmaki, V., & Paschos, T. (2007). The interaction between intuitive and formal mathematical thinking: A case study. International Journal of Mathematical Education in Science and Technology, 38(3), 353-365.
Trawick-Smith, J., Swaminathan S., & Liu, X. (2016) The relationship of teacher-child play interactions to mathematics learning in preschool. Early Child Development and Care, 186(5), 716-733.
Submission Published in Proceeding Book
Ginsburg, A., & Leinwand, S. (2008). Singapore math: Can it help close the U.S. mathematics learning gap? In Z. Usiskin, & E. Willmore Mathematics Curriculum in Pacific Rim Countries-China, Japan, Korea and Singapore: Proceedings of a Conference (pp. 265-282). Charlotte, North Carolina: Information Age Publishing.
Jacobs, S. (2002). Advanced Placement BC calculus student’s ways of thinking about variable (Doctoral dissertation). Arizona State University, USA.
Foreign Language Materials
Molinari, E., & Labella, A. (2007). Psicologia clinica: Dialoghi e confronti [Clinical psychology: Dialogue and confrontation]. Milan: Springer.
Ministry of Foreign Affairs. (1997, June 12). Peru jiken chosa iinkai no hokoku ni tsuite no Ikeda Gaimu Daijin no kishakaiken [Press interview with Foreign Minister Ikeda on the report of the investigation committee on the Peru Incident]. Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan. Retrieved from http://www.mofa.go.jp/mofaj/gaiko/hoka/peru/ index.html
Yıldırım, A., & Şimşek, H. (2013). Sosyal billimlerde nitel araştırma yöntemleri [Qualitative research methods in social sciences]. Ankara: Seçkin Publishing.
Merriam-Webster’s collegiate dictionary (10th ed.). (1999). Springfield, MA: Merriam-Webster Incorporated.
Onomatopoeia. (n.d.) In Merriam-Webster’s collegiate dictionary. Retrieved from http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/onomatopoeia
Bergmann, P. G. (1993). Relativity. In The New Encyclopedia Britannica. (Vol. 26, pp. 501-508). Chicago, IL: Encyclopedia Britannica.
Reports or Other Institutional Texts
MoNE (1977). Report by the ministry of national education supervision council. Ankara: MoNE Publications.
Legal Texts such as Law, Regulation, Guidelines
Energy Policy Act of 2005, Pub. L. No. 109-58, 119 Stat. 594 (2005).
The Purdue OWL Family of Sites. The Writing Lab and OWL at Purdue and Purdue U, 2008, owl.english.purdue.edu/owl. Accessed 23 Apr. 2008.
Felluga, Dino. Guide to Literary and Critical Theory. Purdue U, 28 Nov. 2003, www.cla.purdue.edu/english/theory/. Accessed 10 May 2006.